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Understanding Paragraph

WHAT IS UNDERSTANDING PARAGRAPH?

A paragraph is  an organization of a group of sentences. A paragraph should have seven essential parts. These are topic sentencesupporting sentences and a concluding sentence.

So, understanding paragraph is know or realize more about the meaning of sentences.

ELEMENTS OF PARAGRAPH

 

  1. MAIN IDEA

The main idea is the point of the paragraph. It is the most important thought about the topic. To figure out the main idea, ask yourself this question: “ what is being said about the person, thing, or idea (the topic) ? The Author can locate the main idea in different place within a paragraph. Main ideas help readers remember important information.

 

  1. THE TOPIC SENTENCE

The topic sentence:

  • is the most general sentence in the paragraph; all the sentences that follow it are less general, more specific
  • states the purpose of the paragraph for the audience
  • is the most important sentence in the paragraph. It covers all of the ideas in the paragraph
  • aims to limit the topic in one or two points
  1. SUPPORTING SENTENCES

After you have written your topic sentence, you have to develop your paragraph with your supporting sentences. They come after your topic sentence and they form the body part of your paragraph. Supporting sentences should “support” your main idea that you have stated in your topic sentence. It is good to use 3 to 8 supporting sentences. To find supporting details you can follow several steps to help you:

  • Ask questions to topic sentence (Why?  How?)
  • You can use facts and statistics
  • Using examples and personal experiences can also help you

 

  1. MINOR DETAILS

Minor details are the sentences that are used to support and explain your supporting sentences in a more detailed way. After you write your sentences you should also try to add minor details for supporting sentences. When you do this, your paragraph will be more elegant and worth reading. You can use the methods we have talked about in supporting sentences part for your minor details.

 

  1. CONCLUDING SENTENCE

This sentence does not have to take place in every paragraph, but if you include it in your paragraph, you will have something complete in your hand. Concluding sentence is generally the last sentence of your paragraph. What you should do here is to summarize the topic sentence and the main points you have talked about in the development part of your paragraph. Try to avoid using the same words you have used in the topic sentence. Restate the topic sentence by using different words conveying the same meaning and sum up the important points.

 

  1. INDENTATION PARAGRAPH

Indentantion determines the distance of the paragraph from either the left or the right margin. Within the margins, you can increase or decrease the indentation of a paragraph or group of paragraphs. You can also create a negative indent (also known as an outdent), which pulls the paragraph out toward the left margin. You can also create a hanging indent, in which the first line of the paragraph is not indented, but subsequent lines are.

  • Rage margin
  • Indentation

 

 

  1. TRANSITION WORDS

Transition words are words or phrase used to clearly link one idea to another, including words such as furthermore, indeed, moreover, notably, as a matter of fact, on the other hand and in conclusion. Transition words are used in written English to transition between sentences and to organize paragraphs.

Example of elements of paragraph

There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price.Second,Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and encouraged to continue studying at a university.Finally,Canada’s cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of spaces for people to live.As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.
Explanation ;

  • TOPIC SENTENCE
  • SUPPORTING SENTENCE A
  • 1 a Minor detail
  • SUPPORTING SENTENCE B
  • 1 b minor detail
  • SUPPORTING SENTENCE C
  • 1 c minor detail
  • CONCLUDING SENTENCE
  • TRANSITION

 

Kinds of Paragraph

Expository

An expository paragraph explains information. It may compare, contrast, list, summarize or discuss different types of information.

Descriptive

A descriptive paragraph is a paragraph that describes a person, place or thing.Using this description allows the reader to form a better mental image of the whatever is being described.

Narrative

A narrative paragraph helps tell a story. It should express the chronology of a specific event and give enough information that the reader can understand not only the order of the event but the entire event itself.

Persuasive

An argumentative or persuasive paragraph is one in which you try to convince the reader of something. You state your reasons for believing something and try to get the reader to agree. Persuasive paragraphs are intended to gain the reader’s support concerning a specific topic. They support your argument and draw the reader to your conclusion.

SKILLS TO UNDERSTANDING PARAGRAPH

  • Underlining key sentences in the paragraph with a physical pen
  • Break down your paragraph into sentences and further into words.
  • Figure out the meaning of the words.
  • Read the words as a part of the sentence.
  • You now have a sentence that make sense.
  • Now join all the sentences and understand what the paragraph means.
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